University of Leicester Taekwon-Do Club

(Dan Poomsae)


1st DanKoryo Koryo, or Goryeo, is the name of an old Korean Dynasty. The people from the Goryeo defeated the Mongolian aggressors. It is intended that their spirit is reflected in the movements of the poomsae Koryo. Each movement of this poomsae represents the strength and energy needed to control the Mongols.
2nd DanKeumgang Keumgang means "diamond," symbolizing hardness. Keumgang is also the name of the most beautiful mountain in Korea, as well as the Keumgang warrior, named by Buddha. Thus, the themes of hardness, beauty, and pondering permeate this poomsae.
3rd DanTaebaek The legendary Dangun founded a nation in Taebaek, near Korea's biggest mountain Baekdoo. Baekdoo is a known symbol for Korea. The definition of the word taebaek is literally "lightness". Every movement in this poomsae is intended to be not only be exact and fast, but with determination and hardness resembling the mountain Baekdoo, the origin of the nation of Korea.
4th DanPyongwon The definition of Pyongwon is "stretch, vast plain." The name carries with it a connotation of being large and majestic.
5th DanSipjin Sipjin stands for ten symbols of longevity, which are Sun, Moon, Mountain, Water, Stone, Pine tree, Herb of eternal youth, Turtle, Deer, and Crane. This poomsae represents the endless development and growth by the basic idea of the ten symbols of longevity and the decimal system.
6th DanJitae This poomsae is derived from the meaning of the earth. All things evolve from and return to the earth, the earth is the beginning and the end of life, as reelected through the Yin and Yang.
7th DanCheonkwon Cheonkwon literally means 'sky'. In the poomsae, the sky symbolizes the ruler of the universe. According to belief, it is mysterious, infinite and profound. The motions of Cheonkwon are full of piety, vitality and reverence.
8th DanHansu This poomsae is derived from the fluidity of water which easily adapts within nature. The symbol of the water repeats itself many times throughout all poomsae, hyeongs, and in martial arts in general.
9th DanIlyo The state of spiritual cultivation in Buddhism is called 'Ilyo' which means 'oneness'. In Ilyo, body and mind, spirit and substance, "I" and "you" are unified. The ultimate ideal of the martial art and poomsae can be found in this state. It is a discipline in which every movement is concentrated on leaving all materialistics thoughts, obsessions and external influences behind.