University of Leicester Taekwon-Do Club



Crescent Kick | Axe Kick | The Fun Stuff

Strictly, there is only one kick in TKD called crescent kick. However, there are three kicks that have similar deliveries and can cause confusion to the less well-prepared student:

Crescent kick (bandal chagi)
is a defensive technique where the foot reaches the attacking tool in an inward arc and blocks the attack with the sole of the foot.

Hooking kick (golcho chagi)
also defensive, and has a similar action to a hooking block; the foot comes up across the body in an outward arc, and blocks an attack with the side instep, e.g. in pattern Juche, move 7. Please note that this is not to be confused with the Reverse Hooking Kick (bandae dollyo goro chagi), which is a variant of the reverse turning kick modified by 'hooking' the leg at the knee before impact. Note the difference in name - goro vs golcho, and consequently the importance of learning and using the correct Korean terms for techniques.

Vertical kick (sewo chagi)
This is used to attack the target from a 90° angle. The foot comes up in an arc and impacts the target vertically.

See the comparative images

Crescent Kick | Axe Kick | The Fun Stuff

Similarly, there is no 'axe' kick in TKD. However, there are three kicks that are performed in similar ways:

Downward kick (naeryo chagi)
The foot comes across the body in an arc to clear obstructions, before coming straight down on the target. Used to attack a high target, such as the clavicle - this is the TKD equivalent of the traditional axe kick.

Pick-shape kick (gok-kaeng-i chagi)
A variant of downward, except the foot rises across the body in a straight line before coming down on to the target

Straight kick (jigeau chagi)
The foot moves directly up in front of the body, then straight down on to the target. Used to attack a low target, such as the knee

See the comparative images

Crescent Kick | Axe Kick | The Fun Stuff

These are the kicks you see in demonstrations and in films. As a general rule, they look spectacular when performed correctly, but you really want to know what you're doing before trying to use them in a real-life situation.

Two-direction kick (twimyo sangbal chagi)
Also known as Split Kick - a flying kick consisting of simultaneous front-leg front and back-leg side kicks (twimyo apdwi chagi), or front-leg twisting and back-leg back piercing kicks (twimyo yop bituro chagi)

Mid-air kick (twio dolmyo chagi)
A spinning side kick delivered while flying through the air; rotation can ebe either 180° or 360°

Spiral Kick (twimyo rasonsik chagi)
A side kick to spinning back kick, or side kick to spinning side kick, performed while flying through the air

Overhead kick (twio nomo chagi)
A kick performed while flying over or through an obstacle

Reflex kick (bansa chagi)
uses a wall, person, or other object, to change direction in mid air to deliver a flying kick

Scissors-shape kick (twimyo kawi chagi)
used to take down an opponent by trapping the body or legs

See the comparative images

Crescent Kick | Axe Kick | The Fun Stuff
Crescent Kick
(Bandal Chagi)
Hooking Kick
(Golcho Chagi)
Outward Vertical Kick
(Bakuro Sewo Chagi)
Reverse Hooking Kick
(Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi)
Crescent Kick | Axe Kick | The Fun Stuff
Downward Kick
(Naeryo Chagi)
Pick-Shaped Kick
(Gok Kaeng-I Chagi)
Straight Kick
(Jigeau Chagi)
Crescent Kick | Axe Kick | The Fun Stuff
Two-Direction Kick
(Twimyo Sangbal Chagi)
Mid-Air Kick
(Twio Dolmyo Chagi)
Spiral Kick
(Twimyo Rasonsik Chagi)
Overhead Kick
(Twio Nomo Chagi)
Reflex Kick
(Bansa Chagi)
Scissors-Shape Kick
(Twimyo Kawi Chagi)