University of Leicester Taekwon-Do Club




There are twenty-four patterns* in Taekwon-Do, corresponding to the 24 hours in the day, a continuously repeated cycle that represents eternity. Each pattern except Chon-Ji and Tong-il is named after important people or events in Korean history, as a reminder of the importance of honouring and cultivating respect for those who have accomplished great things. For certain patterns, the shape of the diagram and the total number of movements representing the pattern are also significant.

A Taekwon-Do pattern is a choreographed sequence of fundamental movements in an imaginary fight against one or more attackers. The execution of the movements requires the application of the Theory of Power. Correct breathing generates internal energy, which increases power.

The twenty-four patterns are introduced gradually as the student progresses with his training and are beneficial for Taekwon-Do students of all ages and levels of training. The patterns must be performed precisely and smoothly; the overall effect should be one of harmonious, perfectly controlled movement.

By practicing the patterns diligently, students can improve their memory skills, ability to concentrate, muscular development, physical coordination, and sense of balance. Each student should strive to perform the patterns to the best of his or her ability. We practise patterns to improve our Taekwon-Do techniques, to develop sparring techniques, to improve flexibility of movement, master body-shifting, develop muscles, balance and breath control. They also enable us to acquire techniques that cannot be obtained from other forms of training.

Patterns are usually performed at full speed, but it is often beneficial for senior students to practice patterns at half speed or even slower. Please note that, although slower, patterns performed in this fashion should be carried out with no less power than at full speed.

The beginner will no doubt be appalled to know that there are a total of 970 movements altogether in the patterns; however, once you get stuck in you will almost certainly find that the time flies by, and will reach the end of the final pattern without even noticing where the time has gone.

* See also historical patterns and Ko-Dang vs Juche